Tests and important treatments
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood. It is normal for men to have a low level of PSA in their blood; however, prostate cancer or benign non cancerous conditions, can increase a man’s PSA level. A man’s PSA level alone does not give doctors enough information to distinguish between a benign prostate condition and a prostate cancer. However, the doctor will take the result of the PSA test into consideration when deciding whether to check further for signs of prostate cancer.
A prostate biopsy involves removing small fragments of prostate tissue. The sample is then sent to the laboratory to be analyzed to determine whether there are cancer cells present. When an abnormality is detected following a prostate exam, our urologists can prescribe a prostate biopsy.
A vasectomy is a form of male contraception. A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that results in male sterilization for permanent birth control (see vasectomy).
Benign prostate hypertrophy or BPH
BPH stems for benign prostate hypertrophy. Sometimes people refer to it as enlarged prostate or benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP). Whatever you call it, you probably never have to be reminded of how an enlarged prostate feels or how it can interrupt your life.
Bladder cancer is one of the most frequent urological cancers. This same type of cancer can occur in other parts of the urinary tract drainage system, kidney or urethra.
People with bladder cancer will need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs or advances to a higher stage.
When you have trouble completely emptying your bladder, bladder stones emerges. Minerals in concentrated urine crystallize and form stones. Bladder stones may be related to stones that have formed in other parts of the urinary tract, such as the kidneys.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a treatable medical condition where a man is unable to achieve and maintain an erection that allows for satisfactory sexual function.
The cause is not always identified. The blood vessels are clogged or constricted, but this is not often the main cause of erectile dysfunction, as many people claim.
Genitals sebaceous cyst
The sebaceous cyst is a cyst that develops under the skin, usually on the penis or on the scrotum. The sebaceous cyst is benign and safe for health apart from a moderate risk of infection.
Hematuria is the clinical name for having blood in your urine. While the cause may be benign, blood in urine (hematuria) can indicate a serious disorder.
Blood in the urine can be an early sign of urinary abnormality or problems in the urinary tract including kidney stones, urinary tract cancers or large prostate.
A hydrocele is a painless buildup of watery fluid around the testicles that causes the scrotum or groin area to swell. It may be unsightly and uncomfortable, but it usually is not painful and generally is not dangerous. Common in newborns, hydroceles can also occur at any age in life.
A hydrocele can develop as a result of injury, surgery or inflammation within the scrotum. Most of the time, no cause is identified.
Low testosterone, or male hypogonadism, is a condition in which the body doesn’t produce enough testosterone — the hormone that plays a key role in masculine development, ongoing health and male sexual arousal. Testosterone contributes to red blood cell production, muscle mass and bone strength. It is a factor in mood, clarity of thought and concentration. Low levels of testosterone can be a cause of erectile dysfunction.
Urinary incontinence is the accidental release of urine. It can occur for several reasons:
- If your bladder squeezes at the wrong time, or if it squeezes too hard, urine may leak out.
- If the muscles around the urethra are damaged or weak, urine can leak out even if you don’t have a problem with your bladder squeezing at the wrong time.
- You can also have incontinence if your bladder doesn’t empty when it should. This leaves too much urine in the bladder. If the bladder gets too full, urine will leak out when you don’t want it to.
If something is blocking your urethra, urine can build up in the bladder and cause leaking.
Nocturia is a condition in which you frequently wake up during the night to pass urine.
Nocturia disrupts sleep and creates additional health concerns. It can be connected to other underlying health problems that can be serious, including kidney and cardiovascular disease.
Overactive bladder is the lack of control over the urge to urinate. Men with an overactive bladder experience an intense, urgent need to urinate at times when the bladder isn’t actually full. They may need to urinate more frequently during the day or at night and leakages may become an issue.
Peyronie’s disease is caused by the development of localized fibrous segments in the tunica albuginea of the sponge-like region of the penis which in turn causes it to curve during an erection.
Phimosis, also known as tight foreskin, is a condition where the foreskin on the penis does not retract properly, typically due to a skin disease that affects the elasticity of the foreskin.
Premature ejaculation is when a man has an orgasm early during intercourse, with little stimulation, and ejaculates earlier than he would like. It can be a frustrating experience for both sexual partners.
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Usually, prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread rapidly and require treatment.
Prostatitis (Prostate infection)
Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, a gland located directly below the bladder in men. The prostate gland produces fluid (semen) that nourishes and transports sperm. When inflamed, there may be pain in the area between the anus and the testicles or in the genital area.
A short frenulum causes traction of the glans down. It does not really prevent the foreskin from retracting. Indeed, if a narrow brake is fragile and when the erection is strong enough, it can cause pain to the brake during penetration. The frenulum can crack and even cause bleeding (see frenulectomy).
Spermatocele (epididymal cyst)
A spermatocele is a cyst that arises from a build-up of sperm fluid in the epididymis above the testicle. It comes from the obstruction of a communicating canal between the epididymis and the testis. It is also a benign disease that cannot become infected or evolve into a more serious disease.
Testicular pain is pain or discomfort that is felt in one or both testicles. The pain may be located in the testicle. It may be the result of other conditions affecting the scrotum, groin, abdomen or back.
Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra (both male and female), or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated. This typically causes pain while urinating and an increased urge to urinate.
Females have a greater chance of developing the condition than males because women’s urethras are shorter than men’s urethras. That makes it easier for bacteria to enter the urethra.
Urinary retention is the inability to fully empty the bladder. However, in some cases, benign prostatic hyperplasia can cause acute urinary retention, which is the inability to voluntarily pass urine. This happens when the prostate is large enough to “block” the urethra, making it impossible for the patient to urinate, even with a full bladder. Acute urinary retention is one of the most consequential, uncomfortable and life-threatening complications related to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Immediate treatment is the insertion of a catheter to drain the urine out of the bladder.
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
A urinary tract infection consists of bacteria from outside the body that enters the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra) and cause an infection and inflammation.
Procedures and services offered